23rd Annual Meetings of the Paleoanthropology Society 

Calgary, Alberta, Canada
April 8-9 2014 in Association with the American Association of Physical Anthropologists.

Abstracts are listed below for Podium and Poster sessions.

Podium Abstracts

‘Learning to live with missing data’

Bernard Wood

A high-resolution Late Pleistocene (~90-50 ka) Middle Stone Age Lithic Technological Sequence at Pinnacle Point Site 5-6, South Africa

Jayne Wilkins, Kyle S. Brown, Simen Oestmo, Telmo Pereira, Kathryn Ranhorn, Benjamin J. Schoville, Curtis W. Marean

A large and varied bone tool assemblage from Contrebandiers Cave (Atlantic coast of Morocco) dated between ~122 ka-96 ka

Emily Hallett-Desguez, Harold L. Dibble, Curtis W. Marean, Teresa E. Steele

A reconsideration of the ochre artifact assemblage from J.D. Clark’s excavation of Twin Rivers Kopje, Zambia

Andrew M. Zipkin, Alison S. Brooks, Nicholas P. Toth, Kathy D. Schick

An early Upper Palaeolithic modern human femur from Central Siberia

Sergey Slepchenko, Aleksei Bondarev, Yaroslav Kuzmin, Dimitry Razhev, Qiaomei Fu, Svante Pääbo, Bence Viola

Analyzing a paleoenvironmental context for Middle and Late Stone Age behavioral transitions

Joshua Robert Robinson

Building the climate context of the Acheulean and Middle Stone Age of East Africa: the Olorgesailie Drilling Project

Richard Potts, Anna K. Behrensmeyer, Alan Deino, Rahab Kinyanjui, Anders Noren

Competitive Interaction Model for Modern Human Dispersals: Tropical Adapted versus Temperate Adapted Populations

Sheila Mishra

Cosmogenic nuclide burial dating provides age range for Paranthropus robustus and indicates appearances of hominin technologies in South Africa

Ryan J. Gibbon, Travis Rayne Pickering, Morris B. Sutton, Jason L. Heaton, Kathleen Kuman, Ron J. Clarke, C.K. Brain, Darryl E. Granger

Cryptotephra Possibly from the 74 ka Eruption of Toba Discovered at Pinnacle Point, South Africa: Implications for Resolving the Dating Controversy for Middle Stone Age Sites in Southern Africa.

Eugene I. Smith, Amber Ciravolo, Panagiotis Karkanas, Curtis W. Marean, Erich Fisher, Naomi Cleghorn, Christine Lane, Minghua Ren

Developmental Disruptions in the Teeth of Primates of Known Histories

Tanya M. Smith, Christophe Boesch, Joyce E. Sirianni, Katie Hinde

Did Homo and Paranthropus differ in ecology? Evidence from East Turkana, Kenya

David B. Patterson, René Bobe, David Braun, Brian Richmond, Anna K. Behrensmeyer, Bernard Wood

Direct evidence for the intensive exploitation of marine resources from the Palaeolithic to the Neolithic periods at the site of Nerja Cave (Málaga, Spain)

Domingo C. Salazar-García, Joan E. Aura, Jesús F. Jordá Pardo, Esteban Álvarez-Fernández, Manuel Pérez Ripoll, Juan V. Morales, Bárbara Avezuela, Michael P. Richards

ESR Dating the Mousterian Layer J at Grotte du Bison, Arcy-sur-Cure, France.

Bonnie A.B. Blackwell, Kelly K.L. Chen, Impreet Singh, Maurice Hardy, Luc Doyon, Francine David, Clare Tolmie, Anne R. Skinner, Joel I.B. Blickstein

Ecological change at Koobi Fora in northern Kenya circa 3.4 million years ago: Implications for hominin biogeography in East Africa

Amelia Villaseñor, René Bobe, Anna Kay Behrensmeyer

Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) Dating and Human Evolution

Kassandra V. Spiller, Anne R. Skinner, Pamela R. Willoughby, Tre'dez Colbert

Enamel thickness topography and molar wear pattern in European early agriculturalists

Mona Le Luyer, Stéphane Rottier, Priscilla Bayle

Force production during stone tool knapping

Neil Thomas Roach, Erin Marie Williams, Brian G. Richmond

Genetic and developmental basis for parallel evolution and its significance for understanding hominoid evolution.

Philip L. Reno

Late Pleistocene archaeology and paleoenvironments of Karungu in the Lake Victoria Basin, Kenya

J. Tyler Faith, Christian A. Tryon, Daniel J. Peppe, Emily Beverly, Nick Blegen, Scott Blumenthal, Kendra L. Chritz, Steven G. Driese, David B. Patterson

Middle Stone Age ostrich eggshell beads from Magubike, Tanzania

Jennifer Midori Miller

Middle and Later Stone Age technology and adaptation in southern Tanzania

Pamela R Willoughby

Monkey archaeology

Michael Haslam

Out of Beringia: Genetics, Paleo-ecology, and Archaeology

John F Hoffecker, Scott A. Elias, Dennis H. O'Rourke

Paleoenvironments of the Omo Shungura Formation: Synthesizing Multiple Lines of Evidence Using Bovid Ecomorphology

William A Barr

Quantifying the tempo and mode of hominin cranial capacity evolution including taking into account dating and measurement error

Andrew Du, Andrew M. Zipkin, Kevin G. Hatala, Jennifer L. Baker, Serena Bianchi, Elizabeth Renner, Kallista H. Bernal, Bernard Wood

Return rate estimates for inter-tidal foraging from experiments on the south coast of South Africa: implications for debates over the significance of early marine resource use

Jan C. De Vynck, Kim Hill, Robert Anderson, Richard M. Cowling, Curtis W. Marean

Revised age and context of the Middle and Later Stone Age strata and associated hominin from GvJm-22, Lukenya Hill, Kenya

Christian Tryon, J. Tyler Faith, Isabelle Crevecoeur, Warren Sharp, Ravid Ekshtain, Joelle Nivens, David Patterson

Revisiting the Early Stone Age of the Namib Sand Sea

Theodore Marks, Eugene Marais, Mary Seely, Grant McCall

Size and scaling in the chest and pelvis of modern humans and earlier Homo

Chris Davis, Michelle Glantz


Andrey Vyshedskiy

Tephrostratigraphy & Middle Stone Age archaeology of the eastern Lake Victoria Basin, Kenya: a refined stratigraphic context for Late Pleistocene human evolution in East Africa.

Nick Blegen, Christian Tryon, J. Tyler Faith, Daniel J. Peppe, Emily Beverly

Testing environmentally-based hypotheses of Homo sp. evolution with pedogenic carbonate stable isotopes in the Turkana Basin

Rhonda L. Quinn

The Lumbar Spine of Australopithecus Sediba Indicates Two Hominid Taxa

Ella Been, Yoel Rak

The vertebrate assemblage from HWK EE, Bed II, Olduvai Gorge

Michael Pante, Ignacio de la Torre, Lindsay McHenry, Jackson Njau

They Don’t Make Them Like They Used To: Unifacial Point Production and Maintenance at the Kenya Middle Stone Age Site of Marmonet Drift

Philip A. Slater

Two Hominid Taxa at Malapa: The Mandibular Evidence

Yoel Rak, Ella Been

Virtual Ancestor Reconstruction: revealing the last common ancestor of modern humans and Neandertals

Aurélien Mounier, Marta Mirazon Lahr

Poster Abstracts

A taphonomic assessment of the bovids from Malapa, South Africa, and its implications for the accumulation of Australopithecus sediba fossils

Juliet K Brophy, Patrick Randolph-Quinney, Lee Berger
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Angling in on bone breakage: A controlled study of hammerstone and hyena (Crocuta crocuta) long bone breakage

Martha Tappen, Reed Coil, Katrina Yezzi-Woodley
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Bone mineral density in habitual climbers: an analogue for early hominins?

Aymee Fenwick, Dr. Mica Glantz, Dr. Ray Browning

Craniometric analysis of European Upper Paleolithic and Mesolithic samples supports discontinuity at the Late Glacial Maximum

Ciarán Brewster, Christopher Meiklejohn, Noreen von Cramon-Taubadel, Ron Pinhasi

Dental Fluctuating Asymmetry Among Early Modern Humans and Neandertals

John C. Willman

Developmental simulation of the adult cranial morphology of Australopithecus sediba

Keely B. Carlson, Darryl J. de Ruiter, Kieran P. McNulty, Thomas J. DeWitt, Lee R. Berger

Diet breadth and dental calculus: starch grains and phytoliths in calculus from Ovatwe forager-horticulturalists

Chelsea Leonard, Layne Vashro, James O'Connell, Amanda Henry

ESR Dating Tooth Enamel from the Mousterian Layers in Pešturina Cave, Serbia.

Bonnie A.B. Blackwell, SeiMi Chu, Yiwen E.W. Huang, Dušan Mihailović, Mirjana Roksandić, Vesna Dimitrijević, Joel I.B. Blickstein, Anne R. Skinner

Edge angle as a variably influential factor in flake cutting efficiency: An experimental investigation of its relationship with tool size and loading

Alastair J. M. Key, Stephen J. Lycett

Evidence for cultivated fire during the late Early Paleolithic in Southeastern Spain: a micromammal taphonomic approach

Sara E. Rhodes, Micael J. Walker, Mariano López-Martinez, Maria Haber-Uriarte, Antonio López-Jiménez
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Evidence for the use-life of percussive technology in Bed I, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania

Robert Allen Mahaney, Jackson Njau, Fidelis T. Masao

Experimental determination of butcher experience using cutmark patterning

Kristen R. Welch, Michael Pante
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Explaining the effective size of modern humans: Integrating Genetic, Skeletal and Archaeological Data

Marc Kissel, Marc Kissel

Foot length in Australopithecus afarensis

Patricia Kramer, Steven Lautzenheiser

Gastrophagy in the Hadza, and its implications for hominin diets.

Laura T. Buck, J. Colette Berbesque, Chris B. Stringer

Herolds Bay Cave: New Evidence for Middle Stone Age Coastal Adaptations in Cape Province, South Africa

Jacob A. Harris, Miryam Bar-Matthews, James Brink, Kerstin Braun, Erich Fisher, Zenobia Jacobs, Panagiotis Karkanas, Curtis W. Marean

Herolds Bay Cave: New Evidence for Middle Stone Age Coastal Adaptations in Cape Province, South Africa

Jacob A. Harris, Miryam Bar-Matthews, James Brink, Kerstin Braun, Erich Fisher, Zenobia Jacobs, Panagiotis Karkanas, Curtis W. Marean

Modern Human Behavior in the East African MSA: A Preliminary Evaluation of Lithic Artefacts from Magubike Rockshelter, Tanzania.

Joseph Jeffrey Werner
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Neandertal Metacarpal 5 Base Shape: A 3D Geometric Morphometric Analysis

Wesley Niewoehner, NA

New Stone Age localities near the Knysna Heads, Western Cape, South Africa

Naomi Cleghorn, Jayne Wilkins, Christopher M. Shelton , Benjamin J. Schoville, Leesha Richardson, Lori B. Phillips
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New teeth from Denisova cave and the dental morphology of the Denisovans

Bence Viola, Susanna Sawyer, Mikhail V. Shunkov, Anatoly P. Derevianko, Svante Pääbo, Jean-Jacques Hublin

Paleohabitat reconstruction of the middle Pliocene site, Woranso-Mille, Ethiopia, using a multiproxy approach.

Sabrina Curran, Yohannes Haile-Selassie

Populational variability in size using the Sima de los Huesos tali

Steven G Lautzenheiser, Patricia A Kramer

Postcranial functional anatomy of the endemic rats from Liang Bua, Flores, Indonesia.

Elizabeth Grace Veatch, Dr. Matthew Tocheri, Rokus Due Awe, E. Wahyu Saptomo, Thomas Sutikna, Jatmiko, Sri Wasisto, Dr. Kristofer Helgen, Dr. Hanneke Meijer
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Preliminary Results from the Renewed Excavations from Peshcka Cave: A Stratified Middle and Upper Paleolithic Cave in the Lori Plateau, Armenia

Miriam Belmaker, Cas Bridge, Colleen A. Bell, Hasmik Simonyan

Quantifying Morphological Variation in the Nasal Floor of Extant and Fossil Homo

Christina Nicholas, Robert G. Franciscus

Seasonal and habitat variation in nutritional and antifeedant properties of South African plants

Amanda G. Henry, Antje Hutschenreuther, Oliver Paine, Matt Sponheimer, Jennifer Leichliter, Daryl Codron, Jacqui Codron

Starch taphonomy on stone tools: considering anthropogenic alterations, climate, and soil chemistry

Cynthianne Debono Spiteri, Antje Hutschenreuther, Jörg Watzke, Amanda Henry

Take me to the river: the Orange-Senqu corridor and Late Pleistocene population dynamics in inland southern Africa

Brian A. Stewart, Genevieve Dewar

The Early Upper Paleolithic Fauna from Mughr el-Hamamah (Jordan): An Initial Report on Species Representation and Gazelle Exploitation Based on the Dental Remains

Jamie L. Clark, Aaron J. Stutz

The Fauna of Feiliang: A Preliminary Analysis from the Nihewan Basin of China

Blaire Hensley-Marschand

The impact of imitative versus emulative social learning mechanisms on artefactual variation: implications for the Acheulean

Kerstin Schillinger, Alex Mesoudi, Stephen J. Lycett

The power of deciduous teeth in diagnosing taxa: Case study of a late surviving Neandertal in the Caucasus

Shara Bailey, Radu Iovita, Vitaly Kharitoniv, Tom Higham, Alexandra Buzhilova, Ron Pinhasi
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The role of raw material differences in handaxe shape variation: an experimental assessment

Metin I. Eren, Christopher I. Roos, Noreen von Cramon-Taubadel, Stephen J. Lycett

Using geometric morphometrics to sex hand stencils; implications for investigating Paleolithic rock art

Emma Nelson , Anthony Sinclair, Jason Hall, Patrick Randolph-Quinney

Were Neanderthals biting off more than they could chew? Evidence from the temporomandibular joint of Middle and Late Pleistocene hominins.

Claire E Terhune